Petra Jordan is considered to be a historical and archaeological place in the southern Jordanian govern orate of Ma’an that is well-known for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit developing system. One more name for Petra is the Rose City because of the color of the stone out of which it is carved.
It is believed the city was developed some time back as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it is an icon of Jordan, as well as Jordan’s most-visited tourist destination. It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Maddah in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah, the large valley starting from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra Jordan has now been UNESCO World Heritage spot since 1985. UNESCO has considered it as one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural inheritance. It was selected by the Smithsonian Magazine claiming it you to see it before you die.
It is believed the Nabataeans had also erected monumental tombs, memorializing their kings and prominent leaders. But with the passage of time and political control change over, and line with trade routes the city eventually felt silent, forgotten by the outside world. Today we all are making efforts in discovering clues to Petra’s past.
The people of Thamud were a tribe as mentioned in the Holy Quran through which a substantial amount is known and cleared it. Our archaeologist had also confirmed that a people known as the Thamud existed countless years ago. It is believed that the people of al-Hijr referred to in the Qur’an are actually the same people as Thamud, the reason being another name for Thamud is Ashab al-Hijr. That being the case, the word “Thamud” may be the name of a people and al-Hijr one of the cities they founded. In fact, this is closely what is suggested by the descriptions of the Greek geographer Pliny, who had written that it used to live in these places called Domotha and Hegra, the contemporary city of Hijr. It is believed Petra had faced many earthquakes during its long history; an earth quake on May 19, AD 363 seems to have been main cause of disaster of the whole city.